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NIOS Overview

NIOS Overview

Established in November 1989, the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) has come a long way in the dissemination of knowledge in the masses. It has been catering its services to lakhs of students who for various reasons are not able to pursue formal schooling. Today, NIOS not only meets the aspirations of parents and their wards but empower them to face the world successfully.

In its mission to impart education, NIOS provides a number of Vocational, Life Enrichment and community-oriented courses. In addition, NIOS, which is an autonomous organization established by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, caters General and Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level.

Through its Open Basic Education Programmes (OBE), NIOS also offers Elementary-level Courses. The Government of India has vested NIOS with the authority to examine and certify learners registered with it up to pre degree level courses.

To democratize knowledge and accessibility to students in their learning process, NIOS offers online admission to Secondary, Senior Secondary and vocational streams.

NIOS also runs On-Demand Examination System (ODES) for Secondary and Senior Secondary students at various regional centres : Pune, Kolkata, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Allahabad, Bhopal, Kochi, Jaipur, Patna, Guwahati,  and Dehradun.

Courses and Programmes

Open Basic Education (OBE)

The Open Basic Education (OBE) Programme of NIOS is an alternative educational programme, equivalent to the Elementary Education Programme of the formal education system.

Through its three levels, the OBE Programme of NIOS caters to school drop-outs, neo-literates, and out of school learners.

The Open Basic Education (OBE) programme is for:

– Children below 14 years of age, and
– Adults above 14 years of age.

The Open Basic Education (OBE) programme is divided into three levels:

  • OBE level A is equivalent to class I-III
  • OBE level B is equivalent to class IV-V
  • OBE level C is equivalent to class VI-VIII

Secondary Course

The Secondary Course of NIOS is equivalent to the Class Xth standard of formal schooling.



Hindi(201), English (202), Bengali(203), Marathi(204), Assamese (228), Nepali (231), Malayalam (232), Oriya (233), Arabic (235), Punjabi(210), Persian (236), Tamil (237), Telugu(205), Urdu(206), Gujarati(207), Kannada(208), Sanskrit(209)

Group -B

Mathematics(211), *Science(212), Social Science (213), Economics(214), Business Studies(215), *Home Science(216), *Word Processing(E)(219), Psychology (222), Indian Culture & Heritage (223), *Painting (225)

* Subjects with * have theory as well as practical works.

NIOS Class 10 Books 

Senior Secondary Course

The Senior Secondary Course of NIOS is equivalent to Class XII standard of formal schooling. It is especially designed for those students who have already passed Class 10 or equivalent examination from a recognised Board and wish to continue their further education towards Senior Secondary Certification.


Group -A

Hindi(301), Sanskrit (309), English(302), Urdu(306)

Group -B

Mathematics (311), *Physics (312), Economics (318), Commerce(319), *Biology (314),History (315), *Geography (316), Accountancy (320), *Home Science (321), Chemistry (313), Political Science (317)
*Word Processing(E)(327), *Painting (332), *Mass Communication (335),Psychology(328), *Computer Science(330), Sociology(331)

* Subjects with * have theory as well as practical works.

NIOS Class 12 Books

Vocational Education Programme

Certificate Course on IT Essentials: PC Hardware and Software (Course Code : 651)

Stand-Alone Courses

Secondary Level

Word Processing (MS-Word)

Jute Production Technology


Solar Energy Technician

Biogas Energy Technician

Bakery and Confectionery

Welding Technology

Typewriting Hindi/English

Senior Secondary Level

Typewriting Hindi/English

Stenography Hindi/English

Secretarial Practice

Word Processing (MS-Word)

Stenography Urdu

Typewriting Urdu

Plant Protection

Water Management for Crop Production

Oyster Mushroom Production Technology

Furniture and Cabinet Making



Catering Management

Food Processing

Play Centre Management

Hotel Front Office Operations

Poultry Farming

Soil and Fertilizer Mangement

Preservation of Fruits and Vegetables

Package Courses

  • Typewriting
  • Stenography
  • Secretarial Practice
  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Certificate  in Rural Health for Women
  • Advanced Certificate in Rural Health for Women
  • Certificate in Care of  Elderly
  • Certificate in Computer Applications
  • Diploma in Basic Rural Technology
  • Certificate Course in Library Science
  • Certificate in Yog

Six Months Courses

  • House Wiring And Electrical Appliance Repairing
  • Motor & Transformer Rewinding
  • Radio & Tape Recorder Repairing
  • Cutting & Tailoring
  • TV Repairing
  • Cutting & Tailoring
  • Dress Making
  • Beauty Culture
  • Plumbing
  • Refrigeration
  • Air Conditioning
  • Certificate in Desk-Top Publishing
  • Certificate in Yog
  • Certificate in Security Service
  • Computer Hardware Assembly & Maintenance

One – Year Courses

  • Jute Production Technology
  • Plant Protection
  • Water Management For Crop Production
  • Oyster Mushroom Production Technology
  • Poultry Farming
  • Typewriting
  • Stenography
  • Secretarial Practice
  • Certificate in  Computer Hardware Assembly &Maintenance
  • Certificate in Computer Applications
  • Word Processing (MS Word)
  • Furniture And Cabinet Making
  • Electroplating
  • Carpentry
  • Solar Energy Technician
  • Bio-gas Energy Technician
  • Jan Swasthya
  • Certificate  in Rural Health for Women
  • Advanced Certificate in Rural Health for Women
  • Certificate in Care of  Elderly
  • Laundry Services
  • Bakery & Confectionery
  • House Keeping
  • Catering Management
  • Food Processing
  • Play Centre Management
  • Hotel Front Office Operations
  • Preservation of Fruits & vegetables
  • Paripurna Mahila
  • Jan Swasthya
  • Library Clerk Course
  • Certificate in Care of Elderly

NIOS Students: Feel Proud

No educational institute gives you guarantee of your life and of your career

It is generally seen students of any open or distance education carries a feeling that their education is not at par with formal education system. They feel depressed, isolated and hence do not concentrate on studies. But they forget that the Board under which they are carrying out their studies is recognised by the Government of India and its certificates and degrees are recognised.

With respect to jobs and ones life. Students should remember that no educational institute or university gives you the guarantee of your life and your career. Success in ones life and career is wholly depends on ones hardwork. Only hardwork counts in life.